Uptake of agricultural technologies and best practices amongst farmers in Battambang and Pailin provinces, Cambodia


This project aims to unlock the potential of agricultural technologies and best practices by improving extension-adoption through emphasis on farmers’ perceptions and experiences, as expressed by poor, marginalised, and female-headed households. The overall strategy is to: better understand farmer decision-making in the context of their lives; identify possible connections between farmer needs and available technologies; test different approaches to extension-adoption using partnerships and demonstration sites; measure adoption; and then disseminate our findings to farmers, researchers, and agricultural development practitioners in North-west Cambodia and Southeast Asia. In simple terms, this project analyses the intersection of agriculture and development, beginning with what farmers value and want.

The Problem

A farmer’s decision to adopt an agricultural technology or practice involves many technical, local, financial, contextual, and personal factors. This means that efforts to encourage adoption must prioritise the farmer’s perceptions of problems and solutions, including how farmers imagine solutions might be implemented and the actors they believe are involved. Such problem-solution pathways (PSPs) emphasise the everyday influences that, ultimately, determine adoption. This way of understanding farmer decision-making is especially important in North-west Cambodia, where the problems of ongoing poverty and marginalisation remain significant impediments to more sustainable development. Added to this context, following rapid expansion, the region is in the midst of a cassava boom, and possible bust. In Battambang and Pailin, cassava is an incredibly important crop, providing this research with a case and context through which to analyse farmer decision-making. As of 2018, cassava in neighbouring countries and provinces are experiencing significant impacts from disease and pest, meaning that farmer decision-making is an especially important consideration at the moment.

Our Partners

Alongside our in-country partners, Prek Leap National School of Agriculture and NGO Partners for Rural Development (PRD), this research will analyse thirteen villages from Samlot (6) and Pailin (7) provinces, applying a mixed-methodology that combines quantitative surveys, semi-structured interviews, participant observations,  home visits, and Delphi panel surveys. We will measure whether a PSP-based approach results in improved adoption of agricultural technologies or best practices, particularly amongst poor, marginalised, and female-headed households.

Activities and methodology

This project combines four methods (activities) to answer its research questions:

  1. Analyse farmers’ descriptions of their lives, their problems, and their desired solutions (i.e., farmer PSP).
  2. Analyse those farmer PSPs using experts involved in the extension-adoption of agricultural technologies and best practices in Cambodia.
  3. Apply findings from activities 1 and 2 to demonstration farms, first demonstrating cassava ‘best practices’, and in years 2-4 adding demonstration of the crops, practices, or transitions desired by farmers.
  4. Measure the impact of this PSP-based approach to adoption.
Harvest (Mao Vuth)


Here you will find emerging and interim findings and presentations on the project. Published research results will be available on the Publications and Reports page once they are available.


With the Governor of Pailin province.

Dr. Brian R. Cook

Project leader.

Dr. Robert Farquharson

Project economist.

Dr. Sarah Milne

Cambodian expert on cassava.

Dr. Vanessa Lamb

Social scientist in charge of village-scale analysis.

Dr. Lauren Rickards

Expert in farming systems.

Dr. Stephanie Montgomery

Agricultural expert in charge of demonstration sites.

Mr. Sophanara Phan

Agricultural scientist

Mrs. Sokunthea Noun

NGO leader responsible for engagement with trial villages.

Ms. Manika Yim

NGO leader responsible for engagement with trial villages.